Pandemic Is Driving U.S. Surge in Cardiac Arrests Tied to Overdose

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By Ernie Mundell
HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, Dec. 3 (HealthDay News) — Blame it on the pandemic: For people struggling with drug addiction, 2020 has triggered a big rise in emergency room visits for cardiac arrest tied to drug overdoses, new research shows.

The finding was based on data involving 80% of emergency medical services (EMS) “activations” across the United States. It showed “a large-magnitude, national surge in overdose-related cardiac arrest during the initial months of the COVID-19 pandemic,” according to a team led by Joseph Friedman of the Medical Science Training Program at the University of California, Los Angeles.

Analyzing data on nearly 26 million EMS calls in 2020, they found that OD-linked cardiac arrests reached a peak in May, when lockdowns began to really take hold across the United States.

“Peak rates [for emergency ODs] in May 2020 were more than double the baseline from 2018 and 2019,” the researchers reported Dec. 3 in the journal JAMA Psychiatry. For the year as a whole, these incidents have risen by 50% compared to rates in 2018-2019.

It’s impossible to say exactly why more Americans are overdosing during the pandemic, but the surge was not unexpected, Friedman’s team noted.

“Many of the trends predicted by public health experts at the outset of the pandemic, such as an increased proportion of individuals using substances alone, increased toxification of the drug supply, and reduced access to treatment, could increase the lethality of each overdose incident,” they said.

The number of total deaths tied to drug overdoses in 2020 remains to be seen, but the Los Angeles researchers note that 70,000 Americans succumbed to fatal ODs in 2019 — many of which were tied to opioid use.

Dr. Robert Glatter is an emergency physician at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. He said he’s seen many such cases firsthand.

He wasn’t involved in the new report, but said that “during late March and through April, I saw an uptick in patients presenting to the emergency department in cardiac arrest related to suspected overdoses.”

Exactly why that was happening wasn’t clear, Glatter said — could social factors, such as lockdown isolation, be at play? Or could COVID-19’s known effects on the heart be making OD-linked cardiac arrest more likely?




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